Showing posts sorted by relevance for query Heian. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query Heian. Sort by date Show all posts

16/11/2012

Oku Station 13 - Shinobu

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- Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - おくのほそ道
The Narrow Road to the Deep North -


. Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - Introduction .

4月29日

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- - - Station 13 - Shinobu no Sato 忍ぶの里 / 信夫 - - -


On the following morning I made my way to the village of Shinobu to look at the stone upon whose chequered face they used to dye a certain type of cloth called shinobu-zuri. I found the stone in the middle of a small village, half buried in the ground. According to the child who acted as a self-appointed guide, this stone was once on the top of a mountain, but the travellers who came to see it did so much harm to the crops that the farmers thought it a nuisance and thrust it down into the valley, where it rests now with its chequered face downward. I thought the story was not altogether unbelievable.

The busy hands
Of rice-planting girls,
Reminiscent somehow
Of the old dyeing technique.


Tr. by Nobuyuki Yuasa
source : terebess.hu/english


あくれば、しのぶもぢ摺の石を尋て忍ぶのさとに行。遥山陰の小里に石半土に埋てあり。里の童部の来りて教ける。昔は此山の上に侍しを往来の人の麦草をあらして此石を試侍をにくみて此谷につき落せば、石の面下ざまにふしたりと云。さもあるべき事にや。

早苗とる手もとや昔しのぶ摺 - sanae toru temoto ya mukashi shinobuzuri


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sanae toru temoto ya mukashi shinobuzuri


the pattern-rubbing stone

planting seedlings
with the hands—ancient patterns
from the fern of longing

Tr. Barnhill


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. Kawara no In 河原院 源融 Minamoto no Toru . (822 – 895)
百人一首

みちのく(陸奥)の しのぶもぢずり(忍ぶ 綟摺り)
誰ゆえに 乱れ染めにし 我ならなくに


Michinoku no shinobu mojizuri tare yue ni
midaren somenishi ware naranaku ni

As wholly confused
as cloth dyed in moss-fern design
from Michinoku
so distraught is my heart now
and for no one else but you.

Tr. Steven D. Carter


shinobu mojizuri
is a special cloth dyed in the region of the village
Shinobu gun Fukushima 福島県信夫郡.
Made from shinobugusa 忍ぶ草、hare's-foot fern, deersfoot fern
Davallia bullata and others
MORE
. Michinoku roads みちのく路 .


and

I long to find a path
to the depths of Mount Shinobu
that I might fathom
the secrets of
another’s heart

Tr. Shirane

Ise Monogatari

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- quote
Shinobu Mottling Rock, Fukushima
6 km north-east from Fukushima City sits the village of Shinobu (present-day Mojizuri). Three seemingly unconnected objects - a large, moss-dappled rock, the Michinoku (Tohoku) kimono design of mottled ferns made famous in the Heian period (794 - 1185), and an impossible love story - have together made Shinobu a vastly recognized and esteemed location of utamakura. Utamakura is a place-name used in waka (traditional Japanese poetry) which, through alternative readings of the name's kanji (Chinese characters) or its associations with national histories and figures, can be used as an allusive tool towards sentiment and meaning within waka; an incredibly popular and admired poetic device which was employed even in everyday conversation at the Heian Kyoto Court.

In the 9th century, Minamoto no Toru (a high-ranking noble of the Heian Imperial Court in Kyoto) traveled to the "great north," Michinoku, which was at that time deemed an uncivilized land due to its distance from the shining capital. At some point, he passed through Shinobu, a village well-known by the Imperial Court for its unique production of a kimono design called Shinobu Mojizuri (fern mottle). It was not uncommon for high-ranking nobles to undertake vast journeys north for state affairs. And on these journeys, it wasn't completely unheard of to learn of nobles falling in love with villagers of little, or no, social status.

Unfortunately for Minamoto no Toru and the lady of Shinobu, he did just so. Staying with the lady's father and delaying his return to the capital for over a month, he was eventually called back to court and the separation was impossible to withstand for both of them. Minamoto no Toru did as all Heian courtiers in his day could do; he wrote a poem about it. And the lady of Shinobu took to her bed with grief, dying before the verse could reach her. The verse adopts the word 'shinobu' and its three potential readings in Japanese: the name of the village Shinobu; the type of fern found in abundance around the village, called shinobugusa; and the verb shinobu, "to love secretly." In just five lines, Minamoto no Toru encapsulates his sentiment, the history and relevance of the setting to his story, and appropriate similes for such a saddening poem in incredible subtlety and talent in his employment of utamakura.

Like the cloth printed
with ferns in far Shinobu
of the deep north —
if not for you
for whom would I dye my heart
with tangled love?


Minamoto no Toru (822 – 895)

Since this all occurred over twelve centuries ago, Shinobu has welcomed such admirers of its history and poetry as Basho Matsuo, who came to compose a haiku on the subject in his Oku no Hosomichi pilgrimage of Michinoku utamakura locations.

早苗とる手もとや昔しのぶ摺

Deft hands that now pluck
seedlings, once you used to press
patterns from the stones.

Tr. Donald Keene

The mottling rock upon which the famous Michinoku kimono was mottled with fern is enshrined by an open gate. The two poems are also on the grounds, set in stone. All are surrounded by a wonderful view of Fukushima, the Kannon-Do Temple and Phoenix Pagoda, and a river also famous in traditional waka, the Abukumagawa.
- source : http://ja.japantourist.jp


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source : HeartLand-Icho

mojizuri ishi 文字摺石 - 信夫文知摺石 mojizuri mottlilng stone, rock
shinobu mojizuri しのぶもじずり / 忍捩摺り/信夫捩摺り

The lower part of the stone has been used so often that it is all shining and the stone was once called kagami ishi 鏡石 mirror stone.

This famous rock is now located in a temple at the foot of the mountain.
in Shinobu village, Fukushima. It tells a sad love story of the Heian period and now a story of radioactive contamination after the accident in March 2013 . . .


芭蕉忌や文字摺石は除染中 
bashooki ya mojizuri ishi wa josenchuu

Basho Memorial Day -
the Mojizuri Rock needs
to be decontaminated


Chinen Tetsuo 知念哲夫

. WKD : bashooki 芭蕉忌 Basho Memorial Day .


. Japan after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011 .


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BACK TO
. Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - Introduction .



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04/07/2012

ume ga ka plum fragrance

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- ume ga ka 梅が香 plum fragrance -


. WKD : Fragrant plum blossoms (ume ga ka) .




ume, sometimes spelled mume むめ, as it was called in the Heian period.
Basho makes use of both spellings.
Prunus mume, a kind of apricot tree.

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Plum Blossom Scent (Ume Ga Ka, 1694)
- A Haikai Sequence
tarns. by Haruo Shirane

In the plum blossom scent
the sun pops up --
a mountain path
Basho

Here there pheasants
crying as they fly away
Yaba

Beginning
house repairs in
spring's slow season
Yaba

From the city: news
of a rise in the price of rice
Basho


- - - Discussion of this sequence
In the early spring of 1694, Basho composed with Yaba in Edo a haikai sequence, "Plum Blossom Scent," ("Ume ga Ka"), and later died in the early winter of the same year. As one of his last sequences, "Plum Blossom Scent" demonstrates his "karumi" style ("lightness") developed in his last years, one that "stressed everyday common life, contemporary language and rhythm, and avoided heavy conceptualization or allusions to the past" (Shirane, p. 201).
source : neverendingstoryhaikutanka.blogspot.jp



. Shida Yaba 志太野坡 . (1662 - 1740)


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quote David Coomler
including a “formal” translation of the original;
and a rewritten “American” version.

梅が香に昔の一字あはれなり
ume ga ka ni mukashi no ichiji aware nari

In the scent of ume,
The single character “past”
is sad.

At the scent of plum blossoms,
The single word “past” –
How sad!

Tr. David Coomler


The point of the verse is the writer’s smelling the scent of plums while looking at (or writing) the single Chinese character read in Japanese as mukashi — “the past.” The combination fills him with a sad, nostalgic feeling (aware, pronounced ah-wah-ray) because he knows that all things are impermanent and nothing lasts, least of all the fragrance of the early spring blossoms.

The verse was written as an “occasion” verse for Bashō’s student Baigan, on the anniversary of the death of the student’s son, which had happened a year earlier. We can see how indirectly hokku deals with such matters.


梅が香に追ひもどさるる寒さかな
ume ga ka ni oimodosaruru samusa kana

At the scent of ume
The routed has returned –
The cold!

In the scent of plum,
What left has returned –
The cold!


Not a good hokku. The rather minimal point is that spring has warmed enough to bring out the fragrant ume blossoms, but at the time the writer is smelling the fragrance, a cold spell has occurred. So the cold he thought had been routed by the warmth of spring has returned. It shows how changeable early spring weather is.

梅が香やしらら落窪京太郎
Ume ga ka ya Shirara Ochikubo Kyōtarō

The scent of plum blossoms;
Shirara, Ochikubo,
Kyōtarō ...


It is little more than an allusion to a line from a Japanese book called the Jōruri-hime Monogatari, in which the question is asked which books a certain Lady Jōruri read, whether that titled Shirara, or Ochikubo, or Kyōtarō, etc. The reader is supposed to be reminded of a pretty, elegant young woman reading a book of stories as spring begins. Of course this kind of verse does not survive time and travel to a different culture, and it depends entirely on the reader knowing the literary allusion Bashō is making.
I have included it here only to show how unlike modern hokku some of Bashō’s verses were, and how “literary” in contrast to what we consider the best hokku. For the western student of modern hokku, which deliberately avoids dependance on such literary allusions, these old ”see how well-read I am” verses are quite useless other than as examples of what not to do.
source : David Coomler - Hokku

. Joruri-Hime 浄瑠璃姫 and Ushiwakamaru / Yoshitsune .
jooruji gozen 浄瑠璃御前 Lady Joruri - 浄瑠璃姫 Princess Joruri

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ume ga ka ni mukashi no ichiji aware nari

in the plum's fragrance
the single term "the past"
holds such pathos

Tr. Barnhill

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written on the 13th day of the second lunar month, 1694
元禄7年2月13日

His disciple Baigan 梅丸, 水谷久右衛門 of Ogaki, Mino, had lost his son and Basho sent this hokku of condolence.


This hokku makes reference to a waka of Heian period

月やあらぬ春やむかしの春ならぬ
我が身ひとつはもとの身にして

tsuki ya aranu haru ya mukashi no haru naranu
waga mi hitotsu wa moto no mi ni shite

Is this not the same moon?
Is this not
The spring of old?
Only this body of mine
Is the original body.

source : Tr. Marra

Ariwara no Narihira.



MORE - Hokku about AWARE by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

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梅が香にのつと日の出る山路哉
. ume ga ka ni notto hi no deru yamaji kana .
(spring) fragrance of plum blossoms. mountain road
- see the sequence above -

Read more translations. - The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

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梅が香や見ぬ世の人に御意を得る
ume ga ka ya / minu yo no hito ni / gyoi o uru


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梅が香やしらら落窪京太郎
ume ga ka ya Shirara Ochikubo Kyootaroo
(see above)

fragrant plum blossoms -
Shirara, Ochikubo
Kyotaro

Tr. Gabi Greve


written in the first lunar month of 1691 元禄4年1月
When smelling the fragrant plum blossoms, it is a time to remember "the good old times" of the Heian period poetry and monogatari stories.
The three names Basho mentions, Shirara, Ochikubo and Kyotaro, were well known to the educated haikai poets of his time.
Now only the Ochikubo story is still well known.
This is a hokku without a verb. It is a good example for the statement:
Basho's hokku have been called a "poetry of nouns".
Barnhill
. "Haiku is the poetry of nouns." .  




Ochikubo Monogatari (落窪物語), also known as The Tale of Ochikubo, is a story from the Heian period which is similar to the famous fairy tale Cinderella.

Ochikubo Monogatari was written during the later part of the 10th century by an unknown author. It is known as the oldest remaining tale in Japanese literature to include harassment and bullying from a stepmother. Ochikubo Monogatari's well-formed plot and vivid description of characters influenced many writers such as Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji. The lively dialogues are also of particular quality.

After suffering from relentless harassment from her stepmother, Princess Ochikubo meets a man named Michiyori who is a general. The two marry and Princess Ochikubo lives very happily with him. Michiyori starts to take revenge on Princess Ochikubo's family, setting up a series of humiliating events.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



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香を探る梅に蔵見る軒端哉
. ka o saguru ume ni kura miru nokiba kana .
searching for the plum fragrance


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Other hokku beginning with UME


梅恋ひて卯の花拝む涙哉
. ume koite u no hana ogamu namida kana .
(summer) deutzia blossoms. I long for. I bow to plum blossoms. I shed tears.
On the death of high priest Daiten 大顛和尚



梅の木になほ宿り木や梅の花
ume no ki ni / nao yadorigi ya / ume no hana

梅白し昨日や鶴を盗まれし
ume shiroshi / kinō ya tsuru o / nusumareshi


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梅椿早咲き褒めん保美の里
ume tsubaki haya-zaki homen Hobi no sato

plum and camellia:
praise to their early bloom
here in Hobi village

Tr. Barnhill


Written in 貞亨4年11月, Basho age 44
Hobi is a famous place in Aichi prefecture at the Atsumi peninsula 渥美半島, the tip of it is Iragozaki 伊良湖岬.
The famous In no Mikado emperor 院の帝 had once stayed here and enjoyed the plum blossoms.

Nozarashi Kiko.


. - Tsuboi Tokoku 坪井杜国 - .
In 1684 he became a disciple of Basho, but in the following year he was banned from Nagoya (because of some fraud) and moved to the village Hobi 保美村 at the Hobi peninsula in Aichi.



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梅若菜丸子の宿のとろろ汁
. ume wakana Mariko no yado no tororo jiru .
(autumn) yam soup. plum and young greens. postal station of Mariko


梅柳さぞ若衆かな女かな
ume yanagi / sazo wakashu kana / onna kana



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. WKD : Fragrant plum blossoms (ume ga ka) .



Fragrance hokku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


. KIGO used by Basho .


. Cultural Keywords used by Basho .


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11/06/2012

Nara and Basho

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- Nara 奈良 ancient capital of Japan -

The town is famous for its many temples and shrines and the sacred deer, which roam the city freely.




いにしへの奈良の都の八重桜
今日九重に匂ひぬるかな


Inishie no Nara no miyako no Yae-zakura
Kyo kokonoe ni Nioi nuru kana

Eight-fold cherry flowers
That at Nara--ancient seat
Of our state--have bloomed,
In our nine-fold palace court
Shed their sweet perfume today.


61 - Lady Ise no Osuke 伊勢大輔

. WKD : Nara 奈良 the ancient capital .


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source : itoyo/basho



菊の香や奈良には古き仏たち
kiku no ka ya Nara ni wa furuki hotoketachi

fragrance of chrysanthemums -
in Nara there are so many
old Buddha statues


This was written on the ninth day of the nineth lunar month, the festival of the chrysanthemums.
It shows a peaceful scene of the gentle faces of the Buddhas and the lovely fragrance of the chrysanthemums.



菊の香や奈良は幾代の男ぶり
kiku no ka ya Nara wa ikuyo no otokoburi

fragrance of chrysanthemums -
the manly attitude of so many
men in Nara



. Chrysanthemum Festival (chooyoo 重陽) double nine .



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奈良七重七堂伽藍八重ざくら
Nara nanae shichi doo garan yae-zakura

the seven buildings
of the temples in Nara -
double cherry blossoms


Written in spring of 1684 貞亨元年, Basho age 41 or later.

Here Basho contrasts the number seven for the temple buildings with the number eight (八 meaning many) for the cherry blossoms.


The "Seven halls of a temple compound" 七堂 were different in Nara

Kondoo 金堂 Golden Hall
Koodoo 講堂 Lecture Hall
Too 塔 Pagoda
Shooroo 鐘楼 Bell tower
Kyoozoo 経蔵 Sutra Hall
Shokudoo 食堂 /中門)Hall for Eating
Sooboo 僧坊 living quarters for the monks

There is also a waka by Ise no Oosuke - Taifu 伊勢大輔
a poet of the Heian period

いにしへの奈良の都の八重桜けふ
九重ににほいぬるかな

Inishie no Nara no miyako no yae-zakura
kyo kokonoe ni nioi nuru kana

The double cherry blossoms are smelling sweet in bloom today in the imperial Court in Kyoto (Heian) as well as long ago in the ancient capital in Nara.


. Matsuo Basho visiting Temples .


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source : itoyo/basho

- - - Departing from old friends at Nara

鹿の角まづ一節の別れかな
shika no tsuno mazu hito fushi no wakare kana

deer horns
developing their first branch:
our separation

Tr. Barnhill

This hokku has the cut marker KANA at the end of line 3.

Basho had met with some disciples from Iga Uneo: Ensui 猿雖, Kasaya Ichibei 卓袋, Baiken 梅軒, 梨雪 and 示蜂.

. Oi no Kobumi 笈の小文 .

MORE - about wakare, parting with friends -
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


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菊に出て奈良と難波は宵月夜 
菊に出でて奈良と難波は宵月夜
kiku ni dete Nara to Naniwa wa yoizukiyo

with chrysanthemums
I left Nara and in Naniwa too
a crescent moon at night

Tr. Gabi Greve

Written in 元禄七年, Basho age 51

"When I left Nara it was time for the Chrysanthemums, but now as I reach Naniwa, it is time for the beginning of the autum moon season."

MORE - hokku about Naniwa - now Osaka
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



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侘びてすめ月侘斎が奈良茶歌 
侘びて澄め月侘斎が奈良茶歌
. wabite sume tsuki wabisai ga naracha uta .

Live poor! be bright!
Moongazer sings
a song of Nara gruel

Tr. Haruo Shirane

Written in 延宝9年, Basho age 38


. Narachagayu 奈良茶粥 Basho and Haikai .


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. WKD : Nara, 奈良 the ancient capital .


. Cultural Keywords used by Basho .

. - KIGO used by Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - .


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17/07/2012

hototogisu little cuckoo

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- hototogisu 郭公 / ほととぎす -

This is one of the classical season words, used in the poetry of the Heian period.
Basho sometimes uses the word and adds a new twist, closer to the normal life of the normal people of his Edo.

hototogisu can be written with many Chinese characters:
ほととぎす【時鳥/子規/杜鵑/不如帰/郭公】

Basho uses the Chinese characters 郭公, which was common during the Heian period.
But now is often pronounced kakkoo, Japanese cuckoo, which is a different bird, Cuculus canorus.


. WKD : hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥 .
Little Cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalis


Sometimes, even the bush warbler (uguisu 鶯) and the little cuckoo (hototogisu) get mixed up.






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曙はまだ紫にほととぎす
akebono wa / mada murasaki ni / hototogisu


冬牡丹千鳥よ雪のほととぎす
fuyu botan / chidori yo yuki no / hototogisu


ほととぎす今は俳諧師なき世哉
. hototogisu ima wa haikaishi naki yo kana .
(summer) little cuckoo. now a world without haikai masters


時鳥鰹を染めにけりけらし
. hototogisu katsuo o some ni keri kerashi .
(summer) little cuckoo. skipjack sashimi


ほととぎす消え行く方や島一つ
. hototogisu kieyuku kata ya shima hitotsu .
(summer) little cuckoo. it disappears. a single island

....................................................................................................................................................




郭公声横たふや水の上
hototogisu koe yokotau ya mizu no ue

cuckoo:
its call stretching out
across the water

Tr. Barnhill


sound of a cuckoo
whose cry now is stretching out
across the water

Tr. Chilcott


hototogisu––
the shriek lies stretched
across the water

Tr. Ueda

The cut marker YA is at the end of line 2.

Written in summer 1693   元禄六年四月二十九日.
Basho had gotten the news that his nephew and adopted son Toin had died. Basho was very shocked and vowed not to write about the hototogisu any more. His friends Sunpu and Sora tried to help him overcome his sorrow
愁情なぐさめばやと、杉風、曽良、水辺之ほとゝぎすとて、更ニすゝむるにまかせて


Basho also wrote

一声の江に横たふやほとゝぎす
hito-koe no e ni yokotau ya hototogisu

a single call
comes across the inlet -
hototogisu

Tr. Gabi Greve

Basho was referring to a poem by Su Dongpo, Su Dungpo 蘇東坡 (So Toba そ とうば)

白露江ニ横タハリ / 白露江に横たはる

“The gleaming water extends to heaven,
and the white mist lies stretched across the water.”


“White mist lay across the water;
the light from the water reached the sky. .”

source : afe.easia.columbia.edu/song


quote
..... which strongly suggests that the lingering sound of the hototogisu echoes the vanishing spirit of the dead youth.
Shirane, Traces of Dreams


. Matsuo Basho - His nephew Tooin 桃印 Toin, To-In - .
(?1661 - 1693)

doobutsu no koe 動物の声 - a difficult expression to translate:
The voices of animals used by Basho -
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


- Japanese Reference -

....................................................................................................................................................


郭公招くか麦のむら尾花
hototogisu / maneku ka mugi no / mura obana

時鳥正月は梅の花咲けり
hototogisu / matsuki wa ume no / hana sakeri


ほととぎす鳴く鳴く飛ぶぞ忙はし
hototogisu / naku naku tobu zo / isogawashi
so busy!


杜鵑鳴く音や古き硯箱
. hototogisu naku ne ya furuki suzuri-bako / suzuribako .
(summer) little cuckoo. old inkstone box

.......................................................................

ほととぎす鳴くや五尺の菖草
hototogisu naku ya go shaku no ayamegusa

hototogisu
cries –– a blade of iris
five feet tall

Tr. Ueda


the Hototogisu
is calling - some iris
of five Shaku hight

Tr. Gabi Greve



This hokku is a version of a poem from the Kokin Shu 古今集 collection, by an unknown author.

ほととぎす鳴くや五月のあやめぐさ あやめも知らぬ恋もするかな
hototogisu naku ya gogatsu no ayamegusa ayame mo shiranu koi mo suru kana

Basho has only changed the gogatsu to goshaku.

.......................................................................

ほととぎす大竹薮を漏る月夜
. hototogisu ootakeyabu o moru tsukiyo .
(summer) little cuckoo. bamboo, moon night



ほととぎす裏見の滝の裏表
. hototogisu Urami no Taki no ura omote .
(summer) little cuckoo. Urami no Taki waterfall (Nikko). back and front



烏賊売の声まぎらはし杜宇
. ika uri no koe magirawashi hototogisu .
(summer) squid vendor. hardly distinguishable. hototogisu. his voice


..........................................................................................................................................................




source : itoyo/basho


清く聞かん耳に香焼いて郭公
kiyoku kikan mimi ni koo taite hototogisu

the clear sound
of burning incense near the ear
hototogisu


天和3年, Basho age 40
koo o kiku, to "listen to incense" had become fashionable in the Genroku period.


The Way of Incense 香道 
As in the analogous tea ceremony, various instruments (many of them made of gold or silver) were called for. Diverse formalities were developed and a proper name for the activity was created: kodo.
Eventually even the act of smelling became too common.
Instead one "listened" to incense. (koo o kiku 香を聞く)
. WKD : Incense, O-Koo お香 .


..........................................................................................................................................................


木隠れて茶摘みも聞くやほととぎす
. kogakurete chatsumi mo kiku ya hototogisu .
(spring) picking tea leaves. to hear. hototogisu


..........................................................................................................................................................



京にても京なつかしやほととぎす
. Kyoo ni te mo Kyoo natsukashi ya hototogisu .
Kyoo nite mo
(summer) little cuckoo, longing for Kyoto



待たぬのに菜売りに来たか時鳥
matanu no ni / na uri ni kita ka / hototogisu
vendor of leaves for food


野を横に馬牽きむけよほととぎす
. no o yoko ni uma hikimuke yo hototogisu .
(summer) little cuckoo, horse


..........................................................................................................................................................



落ち来るや高久の宿の郭公
ochikuru ya Takaku no shuku no hototogisu

falling from high above -
at a Takaku lodging,
cuckoo

Tr. Barnhill

Oku no Hosomichi, Station 6 - Nasu 那須


..........................................................................................................................................................


しばし間も待つやほととぎす千年
shibashi ma mo matsu ya hototogi su sennen
shibashi ma mo matsu ya hototogisu sennen

I wait only for a short while
for the hototogisu - it feels
like some thousand years


This is an allusion to the Chinese poet Li Po (701-762)

白髪三千丈

My white hair is three thousand joo 丈 long.
The waterfall falls down three thousand feet.


(One 丈 is about 3 meters).


Written in 1666 寛文7年, Basho age 24.
This poem has a particular meter, with the cut marker YA in the middle of line 2 and the structure 5 8 4, if HOTOTOGISU is seen as one word.

matsu, to wait, is also a pun with the auspicious 1000 year old pine, sennen no matsu 千年の松.
quite a few places, temples and shrines, have such a long-living pine.
hototogi susennen, ほととぎ 数千年 the bird - a few thousand years suu sennenn 数千年.
Basho is still experimenting with the hokku form.

..........................................................................................................................................................



須磨の海士の矢先に鳴くか郭公
. Suma no ama yasaki ni naku ka hototogisu .
(summer) little cuckoo. fisherman as Suma


田や麦や中にも夏のほととぎす
. ta ya mugi ya naka ni mo natsu no hototogisu .
(summer) hototogisu in summer. fields. barley.


橘やいつの野中の郭公
tachibana ya / itsu no nonaka no / hototogisu


戸の口に宿札名乗れほととぎす
. to no kuchi ni yadofuda nanore hototogisu .
at the front entrance, hand out your visitor sign (yado fuda 宿札)


鳥刺も竿や捨てけんほととぎす
torisashi mo / kasa ya suteken / hototogisu



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. WKD : hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥 .
Little Cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalis


. Cultural Keywords used by Basho .


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17/12/2014

HHH

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- H H H -


. WKD - Hokku and Haikai  発句と俳諧 .  
The opening verse of a linked verse or beginning stanza was called " hokku 発句" .
Since about 1670, the haikai poets started composing stand-alone poems of 5 7 5, independent from the renku 連句 linked verse.
They were usually simply called KU 句, poem, verse.
A hokku and a haiku in Japan share the same basic formal criteria:
5 7 5 on
one kireji
one kigo/kidai

Shiki did not touch this formal definition when he promoted the naming of haiku 俳句.



. Haikai Kanjinchoo 俳諧勧進牒 - Collection to promote Haikai .
Compiled by Yasomura Rotsuu 八十村路通 Rotsu


. Heian - Basho in the footsteps of the Heian Period 平安時代  .


- - - - -. hut 庵 my thatched hut, hermitage ### . - - - - -

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

- - - - - . hachi takaki, hachitataki 鉢叩き ceremony for Saint Kuya 空也上人 * . - - - - -


. hafuguchi no higake ya yowaru yuu suzumi .
(summer) coolness. edge of the gable. sunlight is weakening


- - - - -. WKD : hagi  萩 bush clover . - - - - -
. hagihara ya hito-yo wa yadose yama no inu .
(atumn) bush clover field. shelter for a night. mountain dogs


. haiide yo kaiya ga shita no hiki no koe .
(summer) toad. crawl out! silkworm shed


- - - - - . haji 恥 shame, disgrace .  - - - - -  


- - - - - . hakama 袴 Hakama formal trouser skirt * . - - - - -

- - - - - . hakamairi 墓参り visiting graves at O-Bon * . - - - - -

- - - - - . hakkei 八景 Eight Views, eight famous scenic spots * . - - - - -



. Hakone kosu hito mo aru rashi kesa no yuki .  
(winter) snow. Hakone pass (along the Tokaido road). people crossing



. hamaguri no futami ni wakarete yuku aki zo . at Ogaki
(autumn) autumn is leaving hamaguri clams

. hamaguri no ikeru kai are toshi no kure .
(winter) end of the year. hamaguri clams.



- - - - - hana 花 cherry blossoms - - - - -

. hana ni akanu nageki ya kochi no utabukuro .
(spring) cherry blossoms. I can not open my poetry pouch.

花に遊ぶ虻な喰ひそ友雀 
hana ni asobu / abu na kurai so / tomo suzume
(hokku)

. hana ni ukiyo waga sake shiroku meshi kuroshi .
(spring) cherry blossoms. floating world. white ricewine. black rice

. hana ni yoeri haori kite katana sasu onna .
(spring) cherry blossoms. a lady wears a haori coat and sword

. hana no kage utai ni nitaru tabine kana .
(spring) cherry blossoms. I feel like in a Noh play. sleeping on the road - at Yoshino

花の顔に晴れうてしてや朧月
hana no kao ni / hareute shite ya / oboro-zuki
(hokku)

. hana no kumo kane wa Ueno ka Asakusa ka .
(spring) clouds of cherry blossom. temple bell, Ueno, Asakusa (in Edo)


. hana no yado ni hajime owari ya hatsuka hodo .
(spring) cherry blossoms. from beginning to end about 20 days

. hana wa shizu no me ni mo mie-keri oni azami .
(autumn) demon thistle, the poor and lowly

. hanazakari - hana-zakari yama wa higoro no asaborake .
(spring) cherry blossoms. the Yoshino mountain at daybreak

- - - - -



- - - - - . hanami 花見 cherry blossom viewing - Basho SAIJIKI . - - - - -

. hanami ni to sasu fune ososhi Yanagihara .
(spring) cherry blossom viewing. leisurely boat. Yanagiwara embankment

- - - - - . hana no wakare 花の別れ I bid farwell to a cherry blossom . - - - - -

..........................................................................




. hana ayame ichiya ni kareshi Motome kana .
(summer) Ayame iris. withering over night. Kabuki actor Yoshioka Motome




. ha ni somuku tsubaki no hana ya yosogokoro .
(spring) camellia blossom. leaf. yoso gokoro, yoso-gokoro ... the heart goes astray . . .



. hanjitsu wa kami o tomo ni ya toshi wasure .
(winter) end of year party. half a day. in the company of the Shinto gods


. hana mina karete aware o kobosu kusa no tane .
(winter) withered flowers. pity. seeds of weeds


- - - - - . haori 羽織 Japanese coat * . - - - - -


. haranaka ya mono ni mo tsukazu naku hibari .
(spring) field with skylarks. not attached to anything. (voice of an animal)



. haremono ni yanagi no sawaru shinae kana .
haremono ni sawaru yanagi no shinae kana
haremono ni fureru yanagi no shinae kana
(spring) willow tree. hand touching a tumor


. haritate ya kata ni tsuchi utsu karakoromo .
no season. acupuncture needle. pounding my shoulder. cast-off robe




- - - - - haru 春 spring - - - --

. haru kaze ni fukidashi warau hana mogana .
(spring) spring wind. burst into laughter. cherry blossoms

. haru mo yaya keshiki totonou tsuki to ume /
(spring) spring takes shape. moon and plum blossoms

. haru nare ya na mo naki yama no usugasumi .
(spring) mountain. without a name. light mist

. haru no yo ya komorido yukashi doo no sumi .
(spring) spring night. person in retreat. temple corner (at temple Hasedera 長谷寺 Nara )


- - - - - . harusame 春雨 spring rain - 春の雨 haru no ame rain in spring   . > - - - --

. harusame no koshita ni tsutau shimizu kana .
(spring spring rain. flowing down the trees. pure water

. harusame ya futaba ni moyuru nasubidane .
(spring) spring rain. two leaves sproutng. eggplant seedlings

. harusame ya hachi no su tsutau yane no mori .
(spring) spring rain. bee's nest, rain from the roof

. harusame ya mino fukikaesu kawa yanagi .
(spring) spring rain. river willow blown like a straw coat

. harusame ya yomogi o noabasu kusa no michi .
(spring) mugwort, road with weeds

- - - - -


. haru tatsu to warawa mo shiru ya kazari nawa .
(winter, New Year). spring begins. ritual rope decorations. children will know

. haru tatsu ya shinnen furuki kome goshoo .
(winter, New Year). spring begins. old rice. ten quarts


. haru ya koshi toshi ya yukiken kotsugomori .
(winter) second-last day of the year 小晦日. has spring come?






- - - - - . - Hasedera 長谷寺 Visiting Hase-Dera in Nara - . - - - - -


. hashigeta no shinobu wa tsuki no nagori kana .
(autumn) farewell-moon. bridge beams with "fern of longing" - nagori


. hasu-ike ya orade sonomama tamamatsuri .
(autumn) O-Bon. lotus pond. not plucked
- - - - and
tamamatsuri kyoo mo yakiba no kemuri kana
smoke from the crematorium


. hasu no ka o me ni kayowasu ya men no hana .
(summer)lotus. fragrance. reaches the eyes. nose of a Noh mask.



. hatake utsu oto ya arashi no sakura asa .
(spring) to plough the fields. sound. storm. "cherry-blossom hemp"



- - - - - . hatsumono, hatsu mono 初物 first things . - - - - -
- hatsugatsuo 初鰹 first bonito and more

. hatsu aki ya tataminagara no kaya no yogi . - hatsuaki
(autumn) first sign of autumn. my folded mosquito net as blanket

. hatsu aki ya umi mo aota mo hito midori .
(autumn) autumn begins. the sea and the fields one shade of green

. hatsu hana ni inochi nanajuu gonen hodo .
hatsu hana ni inochi shichi jū go nen hodo
(spring) first blossoms. I will gain at least 75 years

. hatsu makuwa yotsu ni ya tatan wa ni kiran .
hatsu makuwa yotsu no ya kiran wa ni kiran
(summer) first Makuwa melon. cut it in quarters? or round slices?

. hatsu shigure saru mo komino o hoshige nari .
(winter) winter drizzle, monkey, straw coat. - first from Sarumino 猿蓑

. hatsu shigure hatsu no ji o waga shigure kana .
(winter) first winter drizzle. the character "first".

. hatsu shimo ya kiku hie somuru koshi no wata .
(autumn) chrysanthemums. first frost. cotton wrapper around my hip

. hatsutake ya mada hikazu henu aki no tsuyu .
(autumn) first mushrooms. few days have passed. dew in autumn

. hatsu-uma ni kitsune no sorishi atama kana .
(New Year) First Day of the Horse. a fox shaved your head
for Zekitsu 是橘

. hatsuyuki ni usagi no kawa no hige tsukure .
(winter) first snow. rabbit, fur. beard

. hatsuyuki ya hijiri kozoo no oi no iro .
(winter) first snow. mendicant monk. color of his backpack

. hatsu yuki ya itsu Daibutsu no hashira date .
(winter) first snow. Daibutsu temple, Nara. erect new columns

. hatsu yuki ya kakekakaritaru hashi no ue .
(winter) first snow. on the bridge under construction - The Great Bridge of Fukagawa 深川大橋

. hatsu yuki ya saiwai an ni makariaru .
(winter) first snow. luckily. I am in my own hut.

. hatsu-yuki ya suisen no ha no tawamu made .
(winter) first snow. enough to bend the daffodils


. hatsuzakura orishi mo kyoo wa yoki hi nari .
(spring) first cherry blossom. today is a good day
at Iga Ueno 伊賀上野, temple Yakushi-Ji


. hayaku sake kunichi mo chikashi kiku no hana .
(autumn) chrysanthemums. hurry up to bloom! Chrysanthemum festival day





. hebi kuu to kikeba osoroshi kiji no koe .
(spring) voice of a pheasant. eating a snake. dreadful voice

- - - - - . hei 塀 wall, garden wall . - - - - -


- - - - - . heso no o, hozo no o 臍の緒 umbilical cord * . - - - - -



- - - - - . hibari 雲雀 lark . - - - - -

. hibari naku naka no hyooshi ya kiji no koe .
(autumn) voice of lark and pheasant

. hibari yori sora ni yasurau tooge kana.
(spring) lark. resting in the sky at the pass

- - - - -


- - - - - . Hida no takumi 飛騨の工 / 飛騨の匠 craftsman from Hida * . - - - - -


- - - - - . Hieizan, Hiei-Zan 比叡山 Mount Hiei in Omi ### . - - - - -
- - - Hie oroshi, hieoroshi 日枝颪 wind from Mount Hieizan




. higashi nishi aware sa hitotsu aki no kaze .
(autumn) autumn wind. East. West. deep feeling is the same
on the death of Mukai Chine 向井千子


. hige kaze o fuite boshuu tanzuru wa tare ga ko zo .
(autumn) wind, beard, remembering Tu Fu


. higoro nikuki karasu mo yuki no ashita kana .
(winter) snow in the morning. hateful crows. hokku including "to hate" - nikumu




- - - - -. hijiri, hijiri kozoo 聖小僧 mendicant monk, "holy man" * . - - - - -
Basho himself was on a kind of "hijiri" life, travelling all over Japan, without a regular home.



- - - - - . himuro 氷室 (ひむろ) icehouse, ice cellar * . - - - - -



日の道や葵傾く五月雨
hi no michi ya / aoi katamuku / satsuki ame
(hokku)


. hinzan no kama shimo ni naku koe samushi .
(winter) frost. poor mountain temple. the kettle sounds cold in the frost



- - - - -. hioke 火桶 wooden brazier for winter - hibachi 火鉢 .  - - - - -



. Hiraizumi 平泉 - Oku no Hosomichi Stage 23 .


. Hira Mikami yuki sashiwatase sagi no hashi .
(summer) Mount Hira, Mount Mikami at Lake Biwa



- - - - - hirugao - - - - -

. hirugao ni hirune seu mo no toko no yama .
(summer) bindweed, sleeping, remembering Urashima Taro

. hirugao ni kometsuki suzumu aware nari .
(summer) bindweed. noonflower. rice pounder. to cool. pityful

- - - - -



. WKD : hirune, hiru-ne 昼寝 nap, Mittagsschlaf .


. hito hi hito hi mugi akaramite naku hibari .
(spring) voice of the skylark. day by day the barley reddens


. hito-koe no e ni yokotau ya hototogisu .
(summer) little cuckoo. one call across the inlay





人も見ぬ春や鏡の裏の梅
hito mo mi nu / haru ya kagami no / ura no ume
(hokku)


. hito ni ie o kawasete ware wa toshi wasure .
(winter) "forget the year". I make him buy a house.


. hito one wa shigururu kumo ka Fuji no yuki .
(winter) snow. Mount Fuji. one ridge. winter drizzle. clouds


. hitori ama wara ya sugenashi shiro tsutsuji .
(spring) azalea. lonely nun. straw-thatched hut


. hito shigure tsubute ya futte Koishikawa .
(winter) winter drizzle. hailstones falling. Koishikawa (in Edo)


. hitotose ni ichido tsumaruru nazuna kana .
(spring/New Year) sheperd's purse. picked only once a year


. hitotsu nugite ushiro ni oinu koromogae .
(summer) changing robes


. hitotsuya ni yuujo mo netari hagi to tsuki .
(autumn) bush clover, prostitute, moon


. hitozato wa mina hanamori no shison kana .
(spring) cherry blossom warden. everyone in the region. descent


. hi wa hana ni kurete sabishi ya asunaroo .
(spring) cherry blossoms. sunset. to feel lonely. Asunaro cypress

ひやひやと壁をふまへて昼寝哉
hiya hiya to / kabe o fumaete / hiru ne kana
(hokku)




. hokku nari Matsuo Toosei yado no haru .
(spring). the home of Matsuo Tosei (Basho). hokku


. hoorai ni kikabaya Ise no hatsudayori .
(New Year) 蓬莱 Horai decoration and first news. from Ise shrine


. horohoro to yamabuki chiru ka taki no oto . horo horo
(spring) yellow mountain rose. sound of a waterfall


. Hoshizaki no yami o miyo to ya naku chidori .
(winter) plover. darkness at Hoshizaki. take a good look!




- - - - - . - hotaru 蛍 (ほたる) firefly, fireflies - . - - - - -

. hotarubi no hiru wa kie-tsutsu hashira kana .
(summer) hotaru fireflies. the pillars (of the Golden Hall, Hiraizumi)

. hotarumi ya sendoo yoote obotsukana .
(summer) hotaru fireflies. drunken boatsman. worrying

- - - - -




. hotoke 仏 - ほとけ Buddha .

. hotoketachi 仏達 Buddha statues * .



.............................................................................


- - - - - . - hototogisu 郭公 / ほととぎす - little cuckoo
- .
- - - - -
Cuculus poliocephalis

. hototogisu ima wa haikaishi naki yo kana .
(summer) little cuckoo. now a world without haikai masters

. hototogisu katsuo o some ni keri kerashi .
(summer) little cuckoo. skipjack sashimi

. hototogisu kieyuku kata ya shima hitotsu .
(summer) little cuckoo. it disappears. a single island

. hototogisu koe yokotau ya mizu no ue .
(summer. little cuckoo. its voice stretches over the water

. hototogisu naku ne ya furuki suzuri-bako / suzuribako .
(summer) little cuckoo. old inkstone box

. hototogisu naku ya go shaku no ayamegusa .
(summer) little cuckoo. iris of 5 shaku hight

. hototogisu ootakeyabu o moru tsukiyo .
(summer) little cuckoo. bamboo, moon night

. hototogisu Urami no Taki no ura omote .
(summer) little cuckoo. Urami no Taki waterfall (Nikko). back and front

- - - - -


- - - - - . hoya 穂屋 "shrine hut with a thatched wall" *. - - - - -



. hyaku ri kitari hodo wa kumoi no shita suzumi .
(summer) coolness. I walked 100 RI. ceiling of clouds


. hyorohyoro to nao tsuyukeshi ya ominaeshi .
(autumn) yellow valerian. covered with dew


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15/11/2012

Oku Station 20 - Shiogama

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- Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - おくのほそ道
The Narrow Road to the Deep North -


. Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - Introduction .


More hokku by Basho and background information:
. WKD : Matsushima 松島 .

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- - - Station 20 - Shiogama - - -


Stopping briefly at the River Noda no Tamagawa and the so-called Rock in the Offing, I came to the pine woods called Sue no Matsuyama 末の松山, where I found a temple called Masshozan and a great number of tombstones scattered among the trees. It was a depressing sight indeed, for young or old, loved or loving, we must all go to such a place at the end of our lives. I entered the town of Shiogama hearing the ding-dong of the curfew. Above was the darkening sky, unusually empty for May, and beyond was the silhouette of Migaki ga Shima Island* not far from the shore in the moonlight.

The voices of the fishermen* dividing the catch of the day made me even more lonely, for I was immediately reminded of an old poem which pitied them for their precarious lives on the sea. Later in the evening, I had a chance to hear a blind minstrel singing to his lute. His songs were different from either the narrative songs of the Heike or the traditional songs of dancing, and were called Okujoruri (Dramatic Narratives of the Far North). I must confess that the songs were a bit too boisterous, when chanted so near my ears, but I found them not altogether unpleasing, for they still retained the rustic flavor of the past.

The following morning, I rose early and did homage to the great god of the Myojin Shrine of Shiogama. This shrine had been rebuilt by the former governor of the province* with stately columns, painted beams, and an impressive stone approach, and the morning sun shining directly on the vermillion fencing was almost dazzlingly bright. I was deeply impressed by the fact that the divine power of the gods had penetrated even to the extreme north of our country, and I bowed in humble reverence before the altar.

I noticed an old lantern in front of the shrine. According to the inscription on its iron window, it was dedicated by Izumi no Saburo in the third year of Bunji (1187). My thought immediately flew back across the span of five hundred years to the days of this most faithful warrior. His life is certain evidence that, if one performs one's duty and maintains one's loyalty, fame comes naturally in the wake, for there is hardly anyone now who does not honor him as the flower of chivalry.

It was already close to noon when I left the shrine. I hired a boat and started for the islands of Matsushima. After two miles or so on the sea, I landed on the sandy beach of Ojima Island.


Tr. by Nobuyuki Yuasa


- - - - - Explanations

Noda no Tamagawa
Noda no Tamagawa is an Uta Makura. This is one of six famous Tamagawas in Japan. Noin wrote a famous poem about it, Shinkokinshu #643: Come evening briny air starts flowing in with plovers crying over Tama's stream at Noda in Michinoku (H.H. Honda, p. 173)

Rock in the offing
A poem by Nijoin in the Senzaishu twists the meaning of this Uta Makura: -- The reference is to a stone in a small pond at Hachiman Jiohi at Taga Castle.

Sue no matsuyama
This is also an Uta makura. Among the Azuma Uta of the Kokinshu is: -- Another poem from Goshuishu by Kiyohara no Motosuke (One of the 36 poetic geniuses of the Heian period, he was also a skilled player of the koto. He was editor of the Gosen Waka Shu ((909-990)): --

Masshozan
This word is written with the same characters as "Sue no Matsuyama," so the place name and temple name reinforce each other.

End of our lives
This is a reference to the poem "Everlasting Sorrow" by Po Chu-i.

Old poem
This is an allusion to one of the Azuma Uta in the Kokinshu which goes:--

Okujoruri
Okujoruri is a kind of old style joruri, also called "Sendai Joruri" or "Okuni Joruri." In this style one narrates a story to the rhythm of a fan or biwa.

Past
In Japanese the line literally says: "He beat it with a rustic rhythm and he did it close by my pillow, but at any rate it was a tradition of this area and I could not put it from my mind, and so it seemed commendable."

Myojin Shrine
This Myojin Shrine was built by Date Masamune (1567-1639). He had inherited the Mutsu domain from his father. In 1590 he had an audience with Toyotomi Hideyoshi at his camp at Odawara and was received as a retainer of the Taiko. Later, at Sekigahara and at the seige of Osaka Castle he led attacks for Tokugawa Ieyasu and was later given the Sendai domain. He built the Shiogama Myojin shrine in 1597.

Izumi no Saburo
Izumi no Saburo was the third son of Fujiwara no Hidehira (?-1187) who built the powerful Fujiwara presence at Hiraizumi in the late Heian period. From there he ruled the north. Hidehira opposed Minamoto no Yoritomo and favored Yoshitsune. On his death bed Hidehira ordered his sons to protect Yoshitsune from Yoritomo. Saburo tried to do so and was murdered by his treacherous older brother. He died at the age of 23.

Five hundred years

Literally this passage reads: "The ghosts of 500 years ago came floating before my eyes now." This is an echo of the 1000 year old stone monument he had seen earlier at Taga Castle.
source : terebess.hu/english


末の松山 Sue no Matsuyama
それより野田の玉川沖の石を尋ぬ。 末の松山は寺を造りて末松山といふ。松のあひ/\皆墓はらにて、はねをかはし枝をつらぬる契の末も終はかくのごときと悲しさも増りて、塩がまの浦に入相のかねを聞。五月雨の空聊はれて、夕月夜幽に、籬が嶋もほど近し。蜑の小舟こぎつれて、肴わかつ声/\に、つなでかなしもとよみけん心もしられて、いとゞ哀也。其夜、目盲法師の琵琶をならして奥上るりと云ものをかたる。平家にもあらず、舞にもあらず。ひなびたる調子うち上て、枕ちかうかしましけれど、さすがに辺土の遺風忘れざるものから、殊勝に覚らる。

塩釜明神 Shiogama Myoojin
早朝塩がまの明神に詣。国守再興せられて、宮柱ふとしく彩椽きらびやかに石の階、九仭に重り、朝日あけの玉がきを かゞやかす。かゝる道の果塵土の境まで、神霊あらたにましますこそ、吾国の風俗 なれどいと貴けれ。神前に古き宝燈有。かねの戸びらの面に文治三年和泉三郎寄進と有。五百年来の俤今目の前にうかびて、そゞろに珍し。渠は勇義忠孝の士也。佳命今に至りて、したはずといふ事なし。誠人能道を勤、義を守べし。名もまた是にしたがふと云り。日既午にちかし。船をかりて松嶋にわたる。其間二里餘、雄嶋の磯につく。


. 源の義経 Minamoto no Yoshitsune (1159 - 1189) .

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Tr. Britton
The following morning, I rose early and did homage to the great god of the Myojin Shrine of Shiogama. This shrine had been rebuilt by the former governor of the province with stately columns, painted beams, and an impressive stone approach, and the morning sun shining directly on the vermillion fencing was almost dazzlingly bright. I was deeply impressed by the fact that the divine power of the gods had penetrated even to the extreme north of our country, and I bowed in humble reverence before the altar.

I noticed an old lantern in front of the shrine. According to the inscription on its iron window, it was dedicated by Izumi no Saburo in the third year of Bunji (1187). My thought immediately flew back across the span of five hundred years to the days of this most faithful warrior. His life is certain evidence that, if one performs one's duty and maintains one's loyalty, fame comes naturally in the wake, for there is hardly anyone now who does not honor him as the flower of chivalry.

It was already close to noon when I left the shrine. I hired a boat and started for the islands of Matsushima.






More about Izumi no Saburo 泉三郎 and a stone lantern in his honor
. WKD : Shiogama jinja 鹽竈神社 Shrine Shiogama .
and the Salt-making Deity

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松島やああ松島や松島や

Matsushima ya
aa Matsushima ya
Matsushima ya


attributed to Kyoka-Writer Monk Tahara Bo
狂歌師田原坊 (Tawara Boo, Tawarabo)

Read more about the discussion of this poem:
. WKD : Matsushima 松島 .

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Saigyo visiting the grave of Fujiwara Sanekata, a Heian period poet who was exiled in the North:

He has left nothing
but an undying name
in this world . . .
On his grave in the withered moor
pampas grass is all I see.

Tr. Ueda

- - - - -

The sound of wind
brings the dew to the fields
on Miyagino
To the tiny bush clover
I convey my message.



If ever I should change my mind
and banish you from my heart
then let great ocean waves
rise and cross
Sue no Matsuyama

Tr. Kamens


.  Basho and Saigyo 芭蕉と西行法師 .


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BACK TO
. Oku no Hosomichi - 奥の細道 - Introduction .


. WKD - Shiogama 塩竃市 - Sail-cord Festival .



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12/12/2014

MMM

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- M M M -

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. - Medicine, Illness, Doctors - and Basho - .


. Monk, monks and priests 僧 sō, soo .


. - Moto no Mizu もとの水 - 句集 - A Hokku Collection attributed to Basho in 1787 - .


. - mu 無 emptiness - nothingness - .


. Museums 記念館 Kinenkan in honor of Basho .



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. machi ishi ya yashikigata yori koma mukae . machi-ishi 町医師 *
(autumn) picking up the horses. from a samurai mansion. doctor of the town.



. madonari ni hirune no dai ya takamushiro .
(summer) mat from woven bamboo. sleeping platform by the window


. Mafukuda ga hakama yosou ka tsukuzukushi .
(spring) horsetail. Priest Mafukuda. hakama trousers to wear


- - - - - . maki-e 蒔絵 laquer paintings ### . - - - - -


- - - - - . - makura 草枕 pillow - kusamakura 草枕 pillow stuffed with grass ### . - - - - -
pillow of a traveller



- - - - - . makuwa uri 真桑瓜 Makuwa melon . * - - - - -


- - - - - . manzai 万歳 Manzai performance . * - - - - -


- - - - - . masu 枡  measuring box . * - - - - -
- - - . masu 升 container for ritual sake . - - - - -

. masu katte funbetsu kawaru tsukimi kana .
(autumn) moon viewing. I bought a measuring box / (masu koote, masu kōte)





. mata koemu Sayo no Nakayama hatsugatsuo .
(summer) first skipjack katsuo bonito. Sayo no Nakayama pass. to cross again

. mata ya tagui Nagara no kawa no ayu namasu .
(summer) Ayu sweetfish. river Nagaragawa, vinegar-pickled fish. once again


. matsu hana ya Toozaburoo ga Yoshinoyama .
(spring) cherry blossoms. shakuhachi player Gichiku 宜竹 Tozaburo. Mount Yoshino


. Matsushima ya aa Matsushima ya Matushima ya .
- famous poem by 狂歌師田原坊 Tawara Bo, often attributed to Basho




- - - - - . - matsu 松 the pine tree - . - - - - -

. matsukaze no ochiba ka mizu no oto suzushi .
(summer) coolness. wind in the pines. sound of water

. matsukaze ya noki o megutte aki kurenu .
(autumn) autumn ends. wind in the pines. swirling around the eaves

. matsu sugi o homete ya kaze no kaoru oto .
- (matsusugi)
(summer) fragrant breeze, sound, pines. Shigure no Matsu 時雨の松
planted by Fujiwara no Sadaie


- - - - - . matsukazari 松飾り "pine decroation" * . - - - - -


. matsutake ya kabureta hodo wa matsu no nari .
(autumn), Matsutake mushroom. ragged. like a pine

. matsutake ya shiranu ko-no-ha no nebaritsuku .
(autumn), Matsutake mushroom. unknown leaf. sticking to it

- - - - -




. mayuhaki o omokage ni shite beni no hana .
(summer) safflower. reminiscent of eyebrow brushes 眉刷毛 



. - - - - - mazu まづ first of all - - - - - .

. mazu iwae ume o kokoro no fuyu-gomori / fuyugomori .
(winter) winter seclusion. celebrating. plum blossoms

. mazu shiru ya Gichiku ga take ni hana no yuki .
(spring) cherry blossoms. shakuhachi player Gichiku 宜竹 Tozaburo.

. mazu tanomu shii no ki mo ari natsu kodachi .
(summer) summer grove. to count on. pasania oak tree

- - - - -


. medetaki hito no kazu ni mo iran oi no kure .
(winter) end of the year. old age. I belong to the lucky one's


- - - - - . meido めいど / 冥土 / 冥途 nether world, world of the dead . * - - - - -


- - - - - . - meigetsu 名月 harvest moon - . - - - - -

. meigetsu ni fumoto no kiri ya ta no kumori .
- fog at the mountain foot

. meigetsu no hana ka to miete wata-batake .
- cotton fields

. meigetsu no midokoro towan tabine sen .
(autumn) moon. let us travel together to see the autumn moon - at Fukui

. meigetsu wa futatsu sugite mo Seta no tsuki .
(autumn) moon. for a second time. moon of Seta

. meigetsu ya chigotachi narabu doo no en .
(autumn) moon. temple acolytes

. meigetsu ya Hokkoku biyori sadame naki .
(autumn) moon. weather in the Northern Region (Tsuruga). uncertain

. meigetsu ya ike o megurite yo mo sugara . yomosugara
(autumn) moon. pond, night

. meigetsu ya mon ni sashi kuru shiogashira .
(autumn) moon. my gate. rising tide

. meigetsu ya tsuru hagi takaki too higata .
(autumn) moon. lower legs of cranes. far tidal flats

. meigetsu ya umi ni mukaeba nana Komachi .
(autumn) moon. the sea.
- remembering the Heian-beauty Ono no Komachi 小野 小町

- - - - -



. - - - - - MELON 瓜 uri - - - - - .



- - - - - . men 面 - 能面 Noh mask . * - - - - -



. me ni kakaru toki ya kotosara satsuki Fuji . .
(spring) azalea. Mount Fuji to be seen



. me ni nokoru Yoshino o Seta no hotaru kana .
(summer) fireflies from Seta, Lake Biwa. Yoshino


. meoto jika ya ke ni ke ga soroute ke muzukashi .
(autumn) deer. being difficult. same fur.


. meshi augu kaka ga chisoo ya yuu suzumi .
(summer) evening cool. boiled rice as a treat. old lady or wife


. mezurashi ya yama o Dewa no hatsu nasubi .
(summer) Minden eggplants from Dewa, How special!




- - - - - michi 道 road - - - - -

. michi hososhi sumotorigusa no hana no tsuyu .
(autumn) wire grass. road. dew

. michinobe no mukuge wa uma ni kuwarekeri .
(autumn) rose of sharon. roadside. eaten by a horse

- - - - -



. Mii-dera no mon tatakaba ya kyoo no tsuki .
(autumn) moon, temple Mii-dera 三井寺.to knock




. mikazuki ni chi wa oboro ya soba no hana .
(autumn) buckwheat blossoms. moon
. . . almost the same as
. mikazuki no chi wa oboro nari soba no hana .
(autumn) buckwheat blossoms. moon
三日月に地は朧なり蕎麦の花 mikazuki ni
三日月の地はおぼろ也蕎麦の花 mikazuki no
三日月や地はおぼろなる蕎麦畠 mikazuki ya chi wa oboro naru soba batake



- - - - -


. mina idete hashi o itadaku shimoji kana .
(winter) frosty road. all come out to enjoy the new bridge

. mina ogame Futami no shime o toshi no kure .
(winter) end of the year. please all, worship this ! the sacred rope of Futamigaura Beach


- - - - -


. minazuki wa fukubyoo yami no atsusa kana .
(summer) Minazuki sixth lunar month (July). great heat, time for stomach illness

. minazuki ya tai wa aredomo shiokujira .
(summer) Minazuki sixth lunar month (July). sea bream. salted whale meat

- - - - -


. mi ni shimite daikon karashi aki no kaze .
(autumn) autumn wind. penetrates my body. pungent radish



- - - - - . mino 蓑 straw raincoat . * - - - - -


. minomushi no ne o kiki ni koyo kusa no io .
(autumn) voice of the bagworm. grass hut / 蓑虫 *



. miokuri no ushiro ya sabishi aki no kaze .
(autumn) autumn wind. I see you off. lonely. (for Okada Yasui 岡田野水)



. miru ni ga mo oreru bakari zo ominaeshi .
(autumn) maiden flower (Patrinia scabiosaefolia). I will also break my vows.
(remembering Soojoo Henjoo 僧正遍照 Sojo Henjo)



- - - - - . misogi 御祓 summer purification . * - - - - -



. misokazuki nashi chitose no sugi o daku arashi .
(autumn) no moon. ancient cedar. storm (at Ise shrine)


. miyamori yo waga na o chirase konohagawa . - miyamori 宮守 * / miyamori yo waga na o chirase ochibagawa
(winter) fallen leaves. shrine warden. scatter my name in the river



. mizu no oku himuro tazunuru yanagi kana .
(summer) ice cellar. source of the water. willow trees. (at Ooishida 大石田 Oishida)




- - - - - . mizu no oto - 水の音 the famous OLD POND . - - - - -

. mizu mukete ato toi tamae doomyooji .
(summer) Temple Domyo-Ji cold rice 道明寺. offering water. console the spirit

. mizu samuku ne-iri kanetaru kagome kana .
(winter) cold water and sea gull. it can not go to sleep

. mizutori ya koori no soo no kutsu no oto .
mizutori ya / kōri no sō no / kutsu no oto
(spring) O-Mizutori ceremony, Nara. monks in retreat. sound of wooden clogs

. mizu-umi ya atsusa o oshimu kumo no mine .
(summer) heat. lake (Biwako). billowing clouds



. - Miyako 都 / みやこ / Kyooto 京都 Kyoto, Kyo -  .



- - - - - . mochi 餅 rice cakes ### . - - - - -

. mochi-bana ya kazashi ni saseru yome ga kimi /mochibana 餅花 . *
(New Year) "mochi flower" decorations. first mouse

. mochi o yume ni ori musubu shida no kusa makura .
(New Year) fern. rice cakes in a dream. grass pillow



. mochiyuki o shira-ito to nasu yanagi kana .
(winter) snow like mochi. white stripes. willow
- - - - -


- - - - - . momi suru 籾する hulling rice, polishing rice . * - - - - -
- - - - - Momi suru Oto 籾する音 The Sound of Hulling Rice



. momo tose no keshiki o niwa no ochiba kana / momotose .
(autumn) fallen leaves. hundred years. landscape. garden



. mon ni ireba sotetsu ni ran no nioi kana .
(autumn) orchid. when I enter the gate. Sotetsu palm. fragrance. (at Ise Shrine)



- - - - - mono 物 something - - - - -

. mono hitotsu waga yo wa karoki hisago kana .
(summer) gourd flowers, just one possession

. monohoshi ya fukuro no uchi no tsuki to hana .
I desire the large sack of Hotei

. mono ieba kuchibiru samushi aki no kaze .
(autumn) autumn wind. my lips are cold. when I speak.

. mono kakite oogi hikisaku nagori kana .
(summer) handfan. I write a poem. to leave things behind
for Tachibana Hokushi 立花北枝


- - - - -


. mononofu no daikon nigaki hanashi kana .
(winter) radish. samurai gathering. bitter



. moroki hito ni tatoen hana mo natsu no kana .
(summer) summer. wild fields. a delicate child. (For Yasukawa Rakugo 安川落梧 - )



- - - - - . mugi 麦 barley and wheat . - - - - -

. mugimeshi ni yatsururu koi ka neko no tsuma .
(spring) cats in love. wheat gruel. loosing weight

. mugi no ho o tayori ni tsukamu wakare kana .
mugi no ho o chikara ni tsukamu wakare kana
(summer) barley. I clutch to support myself. parting with friends

. mugi no ho ya namida ni somete naku hibari .
(spring) voice of the skylark. ears of barley tinted in tears

- - - - -



. mugura sae wakaba wa yasashi yabure ie .
(spring) new leaves. Mugura cleavers. a dilapidated house



. mukashi kike Chichibu dono sae sumootori .
(autumn) sumo wrestling. listen to old stories! Lord of Chichibu


- - - - -


. Musashino ya issun hodo na shika no koe .
(autumn) voice of the deer. Musashino plain. reaches about one sun


. Musashino ya sawaru mono naki kimi ga kasa .
(no kigo) Musashino plain. to interfere with your traveler's hat

- - - - -


- - - - - . mushiro 筵 takamushiro 簟 bamboo floor mat to sleep on . - - - - -



. muzan ya na kabuto no shita no kirigirisu .
(autumn) grasshopper. How pityful! helmet. grashopper
in memory of the helmet of Saito Sanemori 斉藤実盛, Tada Shrine


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